Yercaud is a hill station in Salem District, in Tamil Nadu, India. It is located in the Shevaroys range of hills in the Eastern Ghats. It is situated at an altitude of 1515 metres (4970 ft) above sea level, and the highest point in Yercaud is the Servarayan temple, at 5,326 feet (1,623 m). The hill station is named owing to the abundance of forest near the lake, the name signifying Lake Forest. As a popular tourist destination, Yercaud is also called as Jewel of the South. Yercaud is connected to the city of Salem, Tamil Nadu through a Highway of 28 km. Coffee and citrus fruits, most notably oranges, are grown in abundance, as well as bananas, pears and jackfruit. Scenically, Yercaud is as enchanting and picturesque as the hill stations on the Eastern Ghats and trekking will be an experience. The total extent of Yercaud Taluk is 382.67 km2, including reserve forest. The entire county is administered as a township. Yercaud also has a village council.


The climate of Yercaud is moderate humid subtropical. Winters are fairly mild, starting in December and ending in February. During winter, the hills are covered in mist. Winters range from 12 ℃ to 24 ℃, and summers from 16 ℃ to 30 ℃. Rainfall is 1500 - 2000 mm. The coffee bushes blossom in April and offer a spectacular view. The climate is also particularly pleasant.

Flora and fauna

The National Orchidarium and Botanical garden is situated in Yercaud, it is maintained by southern circle of Botanical Survey of India. The National Orchidarium established in the year 1963. The total area of orchidarium is 18.4 hectares. There are 3000 trees and 1800 shrubs grown in Orchidarium. Insectivorous pitcher plant is among the interesting plants grown in the Botanical garden. Some of the original forests still exist in the Yercaud hills and contain several endemic species of plants and fauna. The Yercaud hills have many faunal and floral similarities to the Western Ghats. Coffee and citrus fruits, most notably oranges, are grown in abundance, as well as bananas, pears and jackfruit.

Yercaud is rich in endemic and charismatic species of wildlife including bison, sambar deer, spotted deer, ant-eater, jackals, hares, foxes, mongoose, civets, giant squirrels, and many reptiles including endemic ones such Hemiphyllodactylus aurantiacus, Calotes calotes, Calotes rouxii, Mabuya beddomii and shield tail snake like Uropeltis ellioti and Uropeltis shorttii (which is endemic to the hill range), the endangered Python molurus, Macropisthodon plumbicolor, Calliophis beddomei and Trimeresurus gramineus; endemic amphibians such as Hylarana, Raorchestes, Fejervarya and scores of birds like the whistling thrush, racket-tailed drongo, peacock, shama, leafbird and Indian grey hornbill.


Yercaud Lake

A pool surrounded by gardens and well-wooded trees.

Lady's Seat

Tourists can have a panoramic view of the plains below through the telescope mounted at the Lady's seat.

Killiyur Falls

A 90-foot (27 m)-high waterfall.

The Servaroyan Temple

Situated atop Servaroyan hill, the annual festival of Lord Servaroyan is celebrated in May every year. The temple is a narrow and dark cave having the God Servarayan and the Goddess Kaveri inside, which are believed as the deities of the Shevaroy Hills and Cauvery River.

The Grange

The Grange is one of the oldest buildings in Yercaud, built in 1820s by the then district, who first introduced coffee from Arabia and apples and other fruits from South Africa between 1820 and 1829. It is believed to have been the summer resort of Robert Clive, general of the East India Company in the late 19th century.

Silk Farm & Rose Garden

Situated very close to Lady's Seat, silkworms are reared here. Located 2 km from Yercaud town, tourists can see the cultivation of mulberries, growing of silk worms, and methods of silk-spinning. The rose garden has a collection of varieties of roses. There is a nursery in this garden which sells plants.

Bear's Cave

Situated near the Norton's Bungalow, Bear's Cave is considered as one of the abodes of Lord Murugan.

Green House

The greenhouse cultivates many varieties of flowers and spices.

Botanical Survey of India

Botanical garden situated at the Nagalur main road 2 km from Yercaud town.

Pagoda Point

Another view point; once adorned with stone built pagodas, it is now home to a large temple.

Trekking in Yercaud

Yercaud has developed into a major trekking destination in the region. Chennai Trekking Club organizes treks in Yercaud.

Karadiyur Viewpoint

A wonderful sight seeing placed in yercaud about 12 km from the center of the town in a village Karadiyur.

Sri Lalitha Thripura Sundari Amman Temple

Situated at Nagalur 7 km from Yercaud town. It is very important temple.